The hottest overview of the development of China's

2022-10-02
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Overview of the development of China's railways during the Eleventh Five Year Plan period since the 16th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, the railway system has adhered to the guidance of the scientific concept of development, based on the overall situation of economic and social development, and taken the rapid expansion of transportation capacity and rapid improvement of technical equipment as the main line to comprehensively and deeply promote the construction of a harmonious railway

during the Eleventh Five Year Plan period, in the face of a series of severe challenges, such as low-temperature rain and snow disasters, Wenchuan earthquake, Yushu earthquake, serious floods, international financial crisis and so on, organizations at all levels and the vast number of cadres and workers along the road forged ahead, overcame difficulties, successfully completed various tasks, and made important contributions to economic and social development. Therefore, China's railway development has achieved a historic leap forward, Head high and walk in the forefront of the world's railway development

great achievements have been made in the development and improvement of railway construction

the railway system has firmly seized the golden opportunity period, accelerated the implementation of the medium and long term railway plan, and orderly and efficiently promoted large-scale railway construction. In response to the international financial crisis, the central government has made extensive use of railway in the fields of power vehicles and energy storage, and road construction as the focus of expanding domestic demand and maintaining growth. The railway department further increased investment and expanded the construction scale, setting off a new upsurge in railway construction

during the Eleventh Five Year Plan period, the national railway infrastructure investment completed 1.98 trillion yuan, 6.3 times that of the Tenth Five Year Plan; The new line has been put into operation for 14700 kilometers, twice that of the Tenth Five Year Plan; 11200 kilometers of double track and 21300 kilometers of electrification have been put into operation, which are 3.1 times and 3.9 times that of the tenth five year plan respectively. The double track rate and electrification rate of the whole road reach 41% and 46% respectively

outstanding achievements have been made in the construction of high-speed railway. China's high-speed railway has been put into operation for 8358 kilometers, and nearly 1200 multiple unit trains are operated on National Railways every day, and a large number of high-speed railways are under construction

among them, the Beijing Shanghai high-speed railway with a total length of 1318 kilometers and a maximum operating speed of 380 kilometers per hour has completed the track laying of the whole line. On December 3, 2010, the harmony crh380 new generation high-speed multiple unit train created the world's fastest operating railway test speed of 486.1 kilometers per hour in the Zaozhuang Bengbu section of the Beijing Shanghai high-speed railway

the Beijing Tianjin, Wuhan Guangzhou, Zhengzhou Xi'an, Shanghai Nanjing and Shanghai Hangzhou high-speed railways with a speed of 350 kilometers per hour, and the Shijiazhuang Taiyuan, Jinan Qingdao, Hefei Nanjing, Hefei Wuhan, Ningbo Taizhou Wenzhou, Wenzhou Fuzhou, Fuzhou Xiamen and Nanchang Jiujiang high-speed railways with a speed of 250 kilometers per hour have been put into operation, and the new high-speed railways put into operation have reached 5149 kilometers. The construction of Beijing Shanghai, Harbin Dalian, Beijing Shijiazhuang, Shijiazhuang Wuhan and other high-speed railways is speeding up, with 17000 kilometers of high-speed railways under construction

significant progress has been made in the construction of interregional trunk lines. Golmud Lhasa section of Qinghai Tibet railway, Taiyuan Zhongwei (Yinchuan), Linhe Ejina section of Lince railway, Chongqing Huaihua, Yongzhou Maoming, Tongling Jiujiang, Yichang Wanzhou, Baotou Xi'an and other interregional trunk lines have been completed and put into operation. Lanzhou Urumqi, Kunming Nanning, Nanning Guangzhou, Lanzhou Chongqing, Zhangjiakou Tangshan, Central and southern Shanxi railways and other projects are progressing smoothly, with 14000 kilometers under construction

During the Eleventh Five Year Plan period, China's railways took the scientific concept of development as the guide, aimed at the world's advanced level, vigorously promoted original innovation, integrated innovation, and introduced, digested, absorbed and re innovated by the relevant principals of Zhongwang, and blazed a path of independent innovation for railways with Chinese characteristics, such as high-speed railways, locomotive and rolling stock equipment, plateau railways, speed increase of existing lines Heavy haul transportation and many other fields have achieved a large number of major technological innovations, creating a resounding Chinese brand

high speed railway technology has reached the world-class level. Through the construction and operation of Beijing Tianjin, Wuhan Guangzhou, Zhengzhou Xi'an, Huning, Shanghai Hangzhou, Beijing Shanghai and other high-speed railways, we have comprehensively mastered the core technologies in the fields of engineering construction, high-speed trains, train control, passenger station construction, system integration, operation management, and formed a complete set of high-speed railway technology system with independent intellectual property rights. China has become the country with the most complete high-speed rail system technology, the strongest integration capacity, the longest operating mileage, the highest operating speed and the largest scale under construction in the world

locomotive and rolling stock technology leads the world. On the basis of mastering the core technology of EMUs with a speed of 200-250 kilometers per hour, a technical platform of EMUs with a speed of 350 kilometers per hour was successfully built in 2017, and a new generation of high-speed trains with a speed of 380 kilometers per hour was successfully developed. The system has mastered the core technology of high-power electric locomotives and diesel locomotives, successfully developed 6-axle 7200 kW and 9600 kW high-power electric locomotives, and formed a series of high-power locomotives with independent intellectual property rights

the plateau railway technology has reached the world-class level. The construction and operation of the Qinghai Tibet railway has made important achievements in solving the three major worldwide engineering problems of permafrost, high cold and hypoxia, and ecological fragility, and has created first-class operational performance. Since the opening of the Qinghai Tibet railway, a total of 14.26 million passengers and 122.88 million tons of freight have been completed, which has effectively promoted the economic and social development of the two provinces of Qinghai Tibet

the speed raising technology of existing lines ranks among the world's advanced ranks. Through the sixth large-scale speed increase implemented in 2007, we have fully mastered the complete set of technologies for the design, construction, maintenance, traction power supply, communication signal, operation management and other aspects of the existing line with a speed of 200-250 kilometers per hour

heavy haul transportation creates a world miracle. As a successful example of China's heavy haul railway technology innovation, the traffic volume of Daqin Railway has increased significantly year by year, exceeding 400 million tons in 2010

During the 11th Five Year Plan period, the railway system insisted on deepening connotation, expanding reproduction, making good use of new and existing resources, optimizing the structure of passenger and freight transportation products, innovating transportation organization, developing transportation market, and achieving a substantial increase in passenger and freight transportation volume. With 6% of the operating mileage of the world's railways, China's railways have completed 25% of the world's railway workload, creating four world firsts in passenger turnover, cargo delivery, conversion turnover and transportation density, and the transportation efficiency is the world's highest

during the 11th Five Year Plan period, the number of railway passengers nationwide reached 7.28 billion, an increase of 35.9% over the Tenth Five Year Plan period; The delivery volume of goods reached 16.24 billion tons, an increase of 42.9% over the Tenth Five Year Plan; The total conversion turnover reached 16.2 trillion ton kilometers, an increase of 42.2% over the tenth five year plan

the railway department insists on putting the national interests first, ensuring the transportation of key materials related to the national economy and the people's livelihood, successfully completing the centralized transportation tasks of power coal, grain, cotton, disaster relief and other materials for many times, and using more than 90% of the transportation capacity for the transportation of key materials such as coal, grain, smelting, agricultural materials, etc., to fully ensure the smooth operation of the economy

85% of the wood, 85% of the crude oil, 60% of the coal, 80% of the steel and smelting materials in the whole society are transported by railway

during the Eleventh Five Year Plan period, the railway department contributed 206 billion yuan to the country because it undertook the transportation of students, the reduction and exemption of the freight of materials for agriculture, rural areas and farmers, and the payment of the cost of graphene plastic composites made by the railway public security inspection and law enforcement organs; Transfer payment subsidies of 98.5 billion yuan for loss making railways in Northwest and Northeast China; 98.9 billion yuan in taxes paid to the state; A total of 538.1 billion yuan of railway construction funds and depreciation funds collected from the railway freight price space will be used for the construction of new lines and the reconstruction of existing lines. The total amount of the above funds reached 941.5 billion yuan

China's railway is going global

in recent years, China's railway, especially in high-speed railway, has made great achievements, and many countries have focused on developing high-speed railway in China. Over the past two years, more than 100 heads of state, dignitaries and delegations have visited China's high-speed railway and spoke highly of the achievements of China's railway modernization. Many countries have signed bilateral cooperation documents with China's railway

some projects have made important progress. The Ministry of Railways has set up a coordination group for overseas cooperation projects between China and the United States, China and Canada, China and Russia, China and Pakistan, Central South China, China and Laos, China and Thailand, China and Cambodia, China and Myanmar, China and Iran, China Turkey, China Venezuela, China Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan, China Poland, China and India, as well as China and Middle East countries, to organize relevant domestic enterprises to develop overseas railway engineering contracting and equipment export markets, and achieved important results. By strengthening the port transportation organization and developing international railway combined transportation, the railway port traffic volume in the Eleventh Five Year Plan increased by 68.2% over the tenth five year plan

at present, Chinese railway related enterprises have contracted railway projects abroad in more than 50 countries and regions around the world, with a contract amount of US $26billion. Railway technical equipment has been exported to more than 30 countries in Asia, Africa, Oceania and America

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