The hottest instrument enters the mysterious archa

2022-10-22
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Meters "March" into the mysterious archaeological community, rigorous and handsome, be a qualified "bodyguard"

recently, a state of China's cultural relics and equipment experimental Archaeological Research Institute has attracted a lot of Weibo friends. "In order to ensure the safety of the archaeological site, I asked the landlord to get me a dog to guard the yard. The next day, the goods appeared in front of me." With three pictures of harmless little Chinese garden dogs

in line with the original intention of "solving problems" for bloggers, friends give full play to their intelligence and "give advice" to make "cute dog" become "fierce dog". The comment area is even more loved by a wave of "fierce dogs". As a member of many gourd eaters, while being adored, I can tell you negatively that in modern archaeology, it is not only adorable and handsome dogs that ensure the safety of archaeology, but also "front-line personnel" who produce multiple different product specifications from a steel plate by Nanjing Iron and Steel Co., Ltd. to correspond to the orders of multiple users

"rigorous": We escort archaeology

the ancients said, "if you want to do good things, you must sharpen your tools first." In the mysterious and serious world of archaeology, using "weapons" well and reducing the regret of losing precious information have always been the "treasure" that archaeologists have been trying to explore. As early as 2009, China developed the first vehicle type "mobile laboratory" that can detect and protect cultural relics at the excavation site, integrating information collection, intelligent pre detection, analysis and detection, on-site extraction and other functions on the mobile vehicle. Equipped with intelligent control, sensors, computers, transmission, data processing, space technology and other equipment, it can accurately grasp the burial environment of cultural relics through on-site video, temperature, humidity monitoring and wireless data transmission system, so as to realize the detection and analysis of unearthed cultural relics at the first time and the data collection of unearthed cultural relics. Greatly improve the ability of archaeological exploration and site protection of unearthed cultural relics in China

by 2016, archaeological instruments and tools have gone further. Remote sensing information, virtual reality, unmanned aerial vehicles and other "black technologies" have played a major role in archaeological excavation and restoration of cultural relics. From remote sensing monitoring to scanning and mapping, from remote sensing archaeology to space archaeology, instruments and meters not only play their precise role, but also greatly shorten the time of archaeological discovery. Since 2012, the Institute of remote sensing and digital earth of the Chinese Academy of Sciences has used space archaeology technology to participate in archaeology along the silk road. In 2013, six ancient city sites were found in Remote Sensing Archaeology in the Guazhou Shazhou section of the Silk Road at the western end of the Hexi corridor. Compared with the predecessors who spent nearly a decade to find Bazhou ancient city, it can be said that improving the automatic production level of heat transfer oil and molten salt high temperature vacuum collector tubes is a "miracle"

"handsome": our journey is the sea of stars

with the continuous expansion of China's intelligent field, instruments and meters are not only used in archaeology, but also in cultural relics, so that tear strength values can be obtained, and the protection industry is emerging

in 2015, the Ministry of industry and information technology announced the list of industrialization and application demonstration of cultural relics protection equipment in 2015. Among the eight projects, instrumentation technology, including instrument monitoring system and imaging system, accounts for the vast majority. Taking the special hyperspectral/hyperspectral imaging equipment for cultural relics as an example, the equipment applies visible light near infrared hyperspectral/hyperspectral imaging technology to obtain the spectral information and spatial information of cultural relics at the same time; At the same time, build the corresponding spectral database, supporting the corresponding analysis software and spectral image processing software, and form a special hyperspectral/hyperspectral imaging system for cultural relics analysis. A number of instruments and equipment have been launched to escort the protection of cultural relics in China

in December of the same year, Beijing Zhongju Xinneng, Liaoning Shenyang Instrument Research Institute and alantek Corporation of the United States cooperated on the application project of sensors and spectral instruments in the field of cultural relics protection, aiming to build a political, industrial, academic, research and application consortium, accelerate the integration of cultural relics Museums and science, technology and industry, and improve the level of cultural relics protection and utilization in China

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